Ever since I became a Toyota Prius owner, I have found that this is a whole new culture of people. Prius owners I find are genuinely involved and concerned about their cars, they love them and want to own them, forever. Toyota knew that they needed to build something that would leave a lasting mark on history and change the way we look at transportation forever. Prius the "before" car has been one for the books for sure. It also is not perfect, and with known issues such as oil consumption this has left some owners wondering if this is the end.
My answer answer from a technicians stand point is no, it is not over. Most owners just need to know a little more about their car in order to avoid some of these issues. As the Prius continues to make history and prove itself in the heat of battle. It also shows us that blasted achilles heel. I want to help my readers by learning what can cause oil consumption issues on our beloved rides and what we can do to prevent it, and potentially fix it.
What Is And Causes Oil Consumption
Understanding anything requires us to know what it is. Oil consumption in our Toyota Prius is when the gasoline engine actually uses the engine oil in large quantities between changes. For example, under normal operating conditions, your engine could consume up to 1/2 quart of oil over 5,000 miles. My 2007 however is using much more than that. Up to a quart every 500 miles, totally unacceptable.
Most vehicles, including Prius should not even consume this amount. There are several things that contribute to this. One being how we treat our engine oil. Due to the nature of Prius we start and stop the engine quite frequently. This action heat cycles the engine oil and causes the additives in the oil to wear out faster. When these additives are depleted the oil breaks down and leaves carbon, sludge and other deposits. This junk then gets caught up in oil passages and embeds itself on piston ring lands.
The piston rings are there to prevent oil from entering the combustion chamber while also providing the compression needed to run the engine. When deposits get caught in the ring lands (where the piston rings sit on the pistons) this does not allow the rings to seat properly inside the combustion chamber. If the rings are not sealing properly this means that oil can creep past and get into the combustion chamber and be burned. Also the PCV valve can be an issue as well, and in yesterday's article I covered that.
I want to fully disclose right here that is may not work for every instance. Sometimes if you have neglected your engine too much it has mechanical damage that would have to be repaired by a rebuild or replacement of the engine. However, if you want to try a less expensive option, this may work and here is why.
Oil companies want to brag about how great their lubricants serve and protect your engine. Most do not know what oil to choose or whether they should do conventional or synthetic. I have a great article that can help you determine what oil you need if you are wondering. This also means that they do loads of research how to keep your engine clean and running well.
While oil companies can make great products but, they cannot keep Prius owners from going too long in between oil changes. For this reason some, such as BG have come up with products that can help clean out leftover deposits.
Carbon is one of those deposits that is a hard and does not just burn off without a fight. A carbon softener is required to break down the hard material and allow it to burn off. As we do this, the piston rings can reseat and oil can once again be blocked, restoring engine integrity.
Products/Process That Are Ok For Prius
Choosing a good carbon softener can be about as easy as finding engine oil, if you know what you are looking for. I will cover these option more in depth later. For now 3 products I recommend are BG 44k, Motorvac, and Seafoam. Each of these can soften the carbon and allow it to burn out through normal combustion. Each one of these will work for the Toyota Prius.
I have found, for me, the best way to utilize these products is to directly use them at the source. I did this by pulling the spark plugs and putting the chemical directly into the cylinders and letting it soak for a few hours. I used a borescope and watched the results.
After about 30 minutes I was able to scope each cylinder and see which one had the worst problem. The chemical will soak into the carbon and you should see it "dry up" meaning that it has softened the carbon to allow it to burn off during normal engine use.
In theory, all of this should work and in speaking with other technicians, they have had good results on Prius doing this method. BG also makes a hybrid kit that is specific to this issue and so far has been seeing great results. I will be using this product on my 2007 to try and see if it can fix the issue that I am facing as well. I will have more on this as events unfold and as I gather more data.
hope that you have enjoyed reading about new Prius Technology. Check out my other story 3 Top Tire Brands You Should Consider For Your Toyota Prius to find even more ways to make that fuel sipper go the extra mile.
See you in the next story where I am discussing why the Toyota Prius AWD-e is the best one yet.
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Peter Neilson is an automotive consultant specializing in electric cars and hybrid battery technologies. He is an automotive technology instructor at Columbia Basin College. He holds a Bachelor of Science in Automotive Service Technology from Weber State University. Peter can be reached on Linkedin and at Certified Consulting