Tesla's 4680 Battery Cells Are Supposedly Spotted
Let's Follow the Twitter Feeds
To understand what this could be, let's follow the Twitter feed of Whole Mars Catalog:
— Whole Mars Catalog (@WholeMarsBlog) July 10, 2021
According to Whole Mars Blog, if this is the 4680 structural battery pack, it's as big a deal as the Tesla full self-driving beta v9. It's also a big deal because the Tesla Model 2 will use the new 4680 battery pack. There are many comments in the thread of his post wondering if this is truly a 4680 structural battery pact.
Let's go to Tesla Facts Twitter feed and see what they have to say now.
— Tesla Facts (@truth_tesla) July 10, 2021
This is another source claiming that this is indeed a Tesla 4680 battery cell. That's two sources. Wouldn't it be nice if Tesla had a public relations department or posted on their blog about this? I suppose Tesla would rather have mystery built to create intrigue about their 4680 structural battery pack.
There are continued comments of confirmation that this is a 4680 battery cell:
— Not_an_Analyst (@facts_tesla) July 10, 2021
And yet another confirmation Tweet.
— Christopher Dungeon (@ChrisDungeon) July 10, 2021
There has been another newer update from Sawyer Merritt saying that these are not 4680 cells.
I have confirmed with my own source that the photo floating around yesterday with all the signatures was a photo of the new Plaid S/X pack with 18650's. It was a celebratory event as it was one of the first Plaid packs off the line which is why everyone signed it.
— Sawyer Merritt (@SawyerMerritt) July 11, 2021
We will update as we get further details on whether these are 4680 cells or not.
What do the 4680 Battery Cells Do?
Scale of Batteries
Tesla wants to grow at at least 50% a year and to do that, it will need more batteries. When Tesla did its forecasts, it saw that it wouldn't have enough batteries if it just relied on suppliers. So Tesla decided to design a new solution to improve manufacturing capability and battery quality
Manufacturing continues to improve, ever since Tesla's first Giga factory in Nevada. The batteries have a tabless architecture which eliminates a manufacturing step of production lines needing to wait and add a tab. This will increase speed and reduce defects, speeding up time and increasing scale.
Form Factor of Batteries
The new 4680 battery cells are 46 mm in diameter and 80 mm in height. This increased storage capability delivers a 16% increase in range. Also, the elimination of tabs makes it easier for electrons to get around inside the cell because you have a shorter path.
There is a challenge when using silicon in a battery in that it expands around 4 times when charged with lithium. Silicon is a very abundant element in the earth's crust though, making it a low cost and easy to acquire commodity. Think of sand - it's just silicon dioxide. Tesla starts with raw silicon which is a lower cost and made its own chemistry to deal with it. There are a number of chemistry improvements regarding Silicon.
Tesla also improved the cathode process, which is a long and inefficient process that has gone on for a while. So Tesla decided to create a blank slate and start from scratch. They created a process that is far less cheaper and creates less waste.
There are a number of other improvements, including improved thermal characteristics, all of which can be seen in the below battery day video:
What do you think - is this the 4680 structural battery pack for Tesla? If not, what is it?
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Jeremy Johnson is a Tesla investor and supporter. He first invested in Tesla in 2017 after years of following Elon Musk and admiring his work ethic and intelligence. Since then, he's become a Tesla bull, covering anything about Tesla he can find, while also dabbling in other electric vehicle companies. Jeremy covers Tesla developments at Torque News. You can follow him on Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn and Instagram to stay in touch and follow his Tesla news coverage on Torque News.