What the China-US climate change agreement means for electric cars
The big news yesterday was the revelation that, at long last, China and the United States reached an agreement on reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
President Barack Obama and President Xi Jingping concluded months of secret negotiations with a landmark deal. The United States agreed to cut climate change-causing greenhouse gas emissions by 26-28% from 2005 levels by 2025, while China agreed for the first time to have its emissions peak by 2030 and possibly sooner, with the goal of generating 20% of its energy from zero-carbon sources by that year.
While the world’s two largest economies combine to emit 45% of the world’s greenhouse gases, they have effectively done little to restrict emissions to date as each country argued that any mitigation efforts would be fruitless unless the other complies as well. The new agreement ends that game and many expect it will drive other countries to adopt similar mandates leading up to and following the climate summit in Paris in December 2015.
"People on both sides pointed to weak action abroad to delay action at home,” said Bob Perciasepe, president of the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions. “This announcement hopefully puts those excuses behind us. We'll only avert the worst risks of climate change by acting together."
Most view the agreement as an enormous step in the right direction, and one that was necessary if any meaningful action against climate change would be taken. It could prove to be the turning point in the struggle to mitigate the worst effects of present and future climate change.
Of course, Republicans like soon-to-be Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and the likely chair of the Environment and Public Works Committee in the Senate, James Inhofe, quickly denounced the agreement and vowed to destabilize the EPA, personally put a lump of coal in President Obama’s stocking this year, etc.
But the global momentum generated by this agreement may be too much for Republican obstructionists to overcome, especially since the administration feels it can accomplish its goals using established authority under the Clean Air Act and related laws.
What does it mean for electric cars?
Okay, so what do greenhouse gas reductions mean for electric cars? For one thing, cleaning up the transportation sector (30% of total emissions in the U.S.) is a big part of reducing a nation’s climate footprint. We have seen that with the CAFE fuel economy standards. One of the most effective ways of making passenger cars more atmospherically friendly is to electrify them, as even running on existing U.S. grid electricity electric vehicles are substantially cleaner than most gasoline cars.
And with tougher restrictions on greenhouse gas emissions from the electricity generating sector, and increased implementation of solar and wind energy, driving an electric car will get significantly cleaner over the next decade.
This climate deal is perhaps most important in China, however. Experts say that reaching the new aggressive targets will require “an energy revolution,” including a complete overhaul of the existing coal-dominated economy. China has a real problem with current pollution levels: research from Tsinghua University estimates that 670,000 people die prematurely in China every year due to air pollution-related diseases. The smog problem is now the number one cause of social unrest in the country, and the government has become serious about cleaning up its air.
In recent years, a big part of the government's effort to curb urban air pollution has meant very favorable conditions for electric vehicles. The Chinese government as well as many provincial and city governments have offered generous incentives to encourage adoption of electric cars, and recently a jaw-dropping $16 billion investment in public charging infrastructure was rumored to be imminent.
To date these incentives have not translated to huge sales numbers, but many analysts (and carmakers) expect that to change. Over the next few decades, even as electric car adoption continues to increase in the United States, look for China to turn to the electric car as a way to cut urban air pollution while reducing its national carbon footprint as the grid powering those cars steadily cleans up its act.
If both countries come close to delivering on their promises, the atmosphere will be in much better shape in 2030 than it otherwise would have been – and quite a few satisfied electric car owners may be a corresponding pleasant result.