Since Tesla officially launched the Model 3 2021 refresh in October 2020, new headlights on the electric car were seen sporadically. However, the updated design has been inconsistently spotted in some markets but not in others. Hella, who will be supplying the Samsung headlights to Tesla, has an adaptive headlight system that gives more visibility in dark, challenging driving conditions. The adaptive headlight mechanism would increase the effectiveness of the headlamps on the Model 3 and Model Y. The Model 3 already has the highest rating for its headlights based on the IIHS’ assessment of the vehicle.
Based on the latest information at the time of writing, the Tesla Model Y and the 3 refresh are now offering adaptive headlights. For those new to this adaptive headlight idea — the lamps will follow the curve of the road and give a more solidified and lit up field of vision. The latest iteration of the Tesla Model 3 and Y headlights includes a projector lamp. Previously, Model 3 and Y headlights were fully LED. Feedback from Tesla owners might have pushed Tesla to migrate towards the more powerful projector reflector headlamps. Some Tesla Model 3 owners have confirmed that the new Model 3 headlights are ‘not xenon’, just projector headlamps. The updated headlight design feature is a more powerful and defined beam that has a squarer pattern than the previous Model 3 headlights.
According to xenonpro.com, “… If your car is equipped with projector headlights, it is best to upgrade your lights to HIDs. Although LEDs will fit and work, from experience, they will not perform as expected. In most cases, your stock halogen bulbs will be brighter than LEDs in projector-type headlights “. Other vehicles like the Mercedes-Benz GLA have headlights that feature the same “XCERTV” code as the new Model 3. The luxury SUV from the veteran German automaker features headlights that have features like “Country Mode,” “Motorway Mode,” and “Active Light Function”.
Projector headlights are brighter than reflector headlights, and they are less likely to blind oncoming traffic. They are significantly brighter than reflector headlights; they're less likely to blind other drivers, basically because they are directed downwards towards the road, so they don't shine in other drivers' eyes. They also give off a more even light. Considering all of this, it's clear that projector headlights are better than reflector headlights.
Hella, who will be supplying the Samsung headlights to Tesla, has an adaptive headlight system that gives more visibility in dark, challenging driving conditions. The adaptive headlight mechanism would increase the effectiveness of the headlamps on the Model 3 and Model Y. An interesting side question would be “how many Lumens is ideal?”. Generally, it differs from state to state and jurisdiction to jurisdiction but the average and safe lumen in car headlights should fall between 2,000 – 4,000 lumens.
According to teslarati.com, the Tesla Model 3’s headlights received a “Good” rating, the highest possible score, from the IIHS due to their impressive visibility when testing on straightaways and curves. Among the cars that the IIHS tested, the Model 3’s headlights proved the best, hitting the right amount of illumination without being too bright for other motorists. A vehicle’s headlights can obtain one of the four IIHS ratings, “Good,” “Acceptable,” “Marginal,” and “Poor.” The car is then placed on a set starting point and rated in “Lux,” a unit of measurement for headlights. In order to obtain a “Good” rating, the headlight must provide 500 feet of illumination on a straightaway, and between 225 and 275 feet of light, all while emitting 5 lux of light.
Tesla seems to be trying to improve on perfection, making its cars even safer than they already are. We can conclude that, depending on some parameters, like the model, the market and the delivery date, Tesla will once again be ahead on the BEV competition, this time focused on a key feature: headlights.
Nico Caballero is the VP of Finance of Cogency Power, specializing in solar energy. He also holds a Diploma in Electric Cars from Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands, and enjoys doing research about Tesla and EV batteries. He can be reached at @NicoTorqueNews on Twitter. Nico covers Tesla and electric vehicle latest happenings at Torque News.