Ford F Series, Chevrolet Corvette Named Most American Cars in New Study
While many Americans quickly peg models like the Ford F150 and the Chevrolet Corvette as the most recognizable American-made vehicles, marketing games played by foreign automakers in recent years have allowed cars from foreign automakers to stake their claim as the most American cars. Every vehicle sold in the United States is rated by the American Automotive Labeling Act (AALA) with a percentage of American content, but the folks at the Kogod School of Business in Washington DC saw a few problems with that system to they developed their own study that more accurately shows how which vehicles impact the US economy the most. While some cars like the Toyota Camry and the Honda Accord try to make claims about being American vehicles based on their build location, this new study goes much deeper into the both the vehicles in question and the company that sells those vehicles to determine which vehicles truly contribute most to the American economy. Not surpisingly, Ford and General Motors dominated the study with the bestselling Ford F Series and the iconic Chevrolet Corvette claiming the top spots in the new study.
The American Automotive Labeling Act (AALA) has three major flaws, according to the folks at the Kogod School of Business. First, the AALA groups together US and Canada so anything that is built in Canada or components which come from Canada are considered American. Second, automakers are permitted to round up from 70% to 100% when appropriate on considering local content. Finally, the AALA doesn’t differentiate between different forms of a certain model so if the vast majority of a given car is made in America while another package is made overseas – the AALA allows automakers to look past those non-American made models to improve their American made rating.
The Kogod School of Business goes much more in depth with their report, looking at not only where the vehicles are produced and where the drivetrains are produced, but other factors including where the various headquarters are located, where the research and development for each vehicle is performed and where the other portions of the vehicle are acquired. The full list of criteria is listed below.
1. Profit Margin (6 percent)
2. Labor Costs (6 percent)
3. Location of Research & Development activities (6 percent)
4. Inventory, Capital and Other Expenses (11 percent)
5. Engine production (14 percent)
6. Transmission production (7 percent)
7. Body, Chassis and Electrical Components production (50 percent)
Based on these criteria, the Kogod School of Business found that for 2014, the Ford F Series and Chevrolet Corvette tied for first place with 87.5 points out of a possible 100. The Buick Enclave, Chevrolet Traverse, GMC Acadia and GMC Acadia Denali all tied for second with a score of 86 while the Chevrolet Equinox, Cadillac CTS base model (CTS Premium trimline ranks much lower) and GMC Terrain tied for third with a score of 85. In fourth place we have the Chevrolet Express Van and the related GMC Savana, the Chevrolet Malibu and the Buick LaCrosse with 83 points while the Ford Mustang, Ford Taurus, Cadillac Escalade, Chevrolet Suburban, Chevrolet Tahoe, GMC Yukon and Cadillac ATS all tied for 5th with a score of 82.5 points.
You read that right – with 21 cars making up the top 5 positions, only 3 of those models are not made by General Motors. The highest ranking Chrysler Group product is the Dodge Avenger in 6th place with 82 points while the highest ranking Japanese company is a five way tie for 11th between the Honda Ridgeline, the Honda Odyssey, the Honda Crosstour, the Toyota Camry and the Toyota Tundra. The highest ranked Korean vehicle is the Hyundai Santa Fe Sport in 26th place while the highest ranked European vehicle is the Volkswagen Routan minivan – which is literally a Dodge Grand Caravan rebadged for VW use. For comparison, the Dodge Grand Caravan was 31st while the Chrysler Town & Country ranked 34th. The highest rank European vehicle that isnt built by an American automaker is the Mercedes Benz GL-Class in 48th place.
Some other interesting vehicles on the Kogod School of Business American made vehicle index are the Tesla Model S at 13th (77.5 points), the Jeep Grand Cherokee in 15th (75.5 points), the SRT Viper in 17th (74.5 points) and the Chevrolet Silverado/GMC Sierra at 22nd (70 points).
In a closer look at the most popular enthusiast segments in America, Ford Motor Company reigns supreme. The F Series obviously won the battle over the Silverado (mentioned above) and the Ram 1500, which ranked 33rd with just 63 points. The Ford Mustang is in 5th place with 82.5 while the Camaro sits 25th with 68 points and the Dodge Challenger is 39th with 59.5 points – although it should be noted that both the Camaro and Challenger are built in Canada. The most American electric driven vehicle is the aforementioned Tesla Model S in 13th, followed by the Ford Focus Electric in 19th, the Chevy Volt in 30th, the Toyota RAV4 Electric in 49th and the Nissan Leaf in 53rd place.
You can check out the entire list by clicking here.