Big Mistakes To Avoid When Charging an EV In Public
Charging up an electric vehicle in public can be intimidating. When we poll owners of EVs in Facebook clubs and forums, the majority say (admit?) that they almost never do charge in public, but rather, rely on home charging for their needs. As EV testers, we have the opportunity to charge in public quite a bit. Sometimes as a necessity, but more often as a “test” to learn how it’s done. After all, we need to stay current. Get it? Current?
Related Story: Charging an Electric Vehicle In Public Can Cost Triple What Fueling Up a “Gas-Guzzler” Does
A recent story we posted about charging up a Bolt at an EVgo DC fast charger (DCFC) caused quite a stir. More comments were posted to that story than any other EV story we have done in quite a while. The story highlighted why public EV charging can be quite costly if you are not careful. Some of our lessons here were learned from that one event, others from other events, and many from listening to experienced BEV owners describe what works best.
Never Charge Your EV to Full In Public
The EV community is still small. Like all groups of Americans, it has its own etiquette, norms, and rules. One of them is to never charge your EV to 100% state of charge at a public charger. There are two reasons for this. First, EVs accept a charge at a much faster rate prior to 80%. After that time, they slow down quite a bit, and adding in range miles or energy slows down a lot. By charging past 80% you are taking up a precious spot another EV owner may wish to use. And you will never know it because EV owners are looking at that charger usage online, not from the aisle near you.
The second reason is it will prove costly. How costly? We charged a Bolt to full from above 80% state of charge and it cost us triple the dollars per mile for energy that a gas-guzzling muscle car costs.
Never Arrive At a Charger You Don’t Have An Account With
When I first began testing EVs, the manufacturers would include a ChargePoint dongle on the keyring to pay for public charging. Swell folks those automakers. I used it a handful of times, and then one day it didn’t work. Some kind of SNAFU occurred and I was on the road with no way to pay. The charger I was at didn’t accept credit cards. In fact, I don’t think I have ever seen one that does.
When you get your EV, sign up for the phone app and/or RFID card account for every charger brand. Electrify America, ChargePoint, and EVGo are the three that dominate my area. Be sure your account works by testing it when you don’t need to charge (which is part of why I charged a Bolt on a DCFC when I was above 80% already).
Look Closely At Your Billing Plan
I have a level 2 Lectron brand charger at home that I use for almost all of my charging needs. Because of this fact, when I signed up for my accounts I always selected the plan that required no deposit. Don’t do that. If you plan to use public chargers, pick the most economical plan for your needs. By choosing the occasional-use plan with no deposit you may pay a LOT for electricity. More than for gas in a traditional car in some cases.
Read Charge Location Reviews Before You Show Up
While this is uncommon, I have driven to locations planning to charge that showed available spaces on the apps I use only to find they were in a locked area. They were not public at all. They served a group with keycards to the parking lot, but not the general public.
I’ve also noticed that many Google reviews note broken or hard-to-use chargers. “You need to prop up the handle with something,” is one review I recently read. Others note sketchy neighborhoods or that their car was vandalized. Google reviews are easy and free and they can be sorted by date. It’s worth a look to see if that free charger spot you may need is real or just a ghost.
Dude, Unplug and Move On
Circling back to the never charge past 80%, if you are not charging, get your car out of that spot. The social media clubs are packed with images of EV owners parked, but not charging in EV charger locations. The group members discuss harming the vehicle or the owner. Don’t be a jerk.
Tesla Chargers Are Not Public
This one may be obvious to some, but not every new EV owner realizes that Tesla Superchargers and even Tesla destination chargers are not for you if you have a Leaf, Bolt, or Mustang Mach-E. They are captive chargers that Tesla owners count on and consider their own private charging network. Which it pretty much is. So, no, you can’t charge your car there if you drive a “lesser” EV, and no, trying to hotwire one is not OK at any level. (It’s a popular topic)
PHEV Owners Are Hated By Some BEV Owners
If you own a Prius Prime, Volt, RAV4 Prime, Clarity, Outlander, Niro, Ionic, NX, or one of the other many plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles, realize that some battery-electric vehicle owners (Tesla, Bolt, Leaf, etc) think you are a poser or worse. They hate it when you park in a public charger taking “their spot.” After all, you don’t “need” to charge. Their way of thinking is that the public charging grid is just for their special entitlement club and you’re not part of it. Just for the record, that is not the opinion of this EV tester. I’m pro-PHEV. Do what you like, just be aware that you are not one of the popular kids at the Whole Foods public charger corral if you have a PHEV.
If You Park and Fly You Are Scum
If you drive to the airport, plug-in, and then fly someplace better than where you were, shame on you. This applies to Level 2 or higher chargers. Let’s face it, if we all do that, the one row of chargers at the airport serving literally millions of travelers are basically useless. It takes a handful of hours to charge up one EV on a level 2 charger. A person who isn’t coming back to that space until after their week in Cabo is hogging up a space that could have charged up dozens of cars that week. Airports should police this with time on the charger fees, and some do. This applies to hospitals and college campuses too. EV charging spots are not parking spots. Charge to 80% and move. Or charge at a level 1 (115 V) outlet in public with your mobile charger if that choice is available and you have days to leave the car.
Just as gas-powered car owners know that the station with the “last gas for 200 miles” is going to be pricey, EV owners learn how best to energize their rides. The comments section below has unlimited space for more good EV tips. Please feel free to make some suggestions. We are certain we didn’t cover them all.
John Goreham is a long-time New England Motor Press Association member and recovering engineer. John's interest in EVs goes back to 1990 when he designed the thermal control system for an EV battery as part of an academic team. After earning his mechanical engineering degree, John completed a marketing program at Northeastern University and worked with automotive component manufacturers, in the semiconductor industry, and in biotech. In addition to Torque News, John's work has appeared in print in dozens of American newspapers and he provides reviews to many vehicle shopping sites. You can follow John on TikTok @ToknCars, on Twitter, and view his credentials at Linkedin