People Drove Fewer Miles In Pandemic But Fatalities Increased
Although it seems contradictory, it is true. There was an increase in the number of vehicle crashes in 2020 despite the fact there were fewer people on the road as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Early Projections From NHTSA
According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), the early numbers show that highway deaths were up 7.2 percent from 2019. It is the most significant number of fatalities in 14 years.
The numbers show that the country closed down in early 2020 to battle the spread of the coronavirus. Indeed, Americans drove far less with the states shut. According to Federal Highway Administration (FHA) figures, Americans drove nearly half-a-billion miles less than the year before. It’s funny, but not only did drivers travel 13.2 percent less but also that the air over major cities cleared up significantly, according to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), at the time.
Yet, inspite of the decline in road travel, the fatality rate was 1.37 deaths per 100 million miles driven in 2020. The figure is up from a figure of 1.11 deaths per 100 million miles in 2019. Significantly, NHTSA’s stats show a significant increase in deaths during the third and fourth quarters of 2020. This time coincided with the time when many states began easing their restrictions as compared to 2019.
Using 2019 as a guide, there was a five percent increase in vehicle occupant deaths. There was also a nine percent increase in motorcycle fatalities. NHTSA also found that urban interstate roadways had the most considerable increase in deaths. They were up 15 percent. You would have thought that rural or back roads would have been the site of a more significant increase because of a lack of traffic aids such as Jersey barriers, water-filled plastic crash-prevention tanks, better signage, and such. That was not the case as the number of crashes increased 11 percent.
NHTSA Data Shows Fatalities
Putting a finer point on it, the NHTSA statistics point out the following:
- Passenger vehicle occupants (23,395, up 5%)
- Pedestrians (6,205, flat from 2019)
- Motorcyclists (5,015, up 9%)
- Bicyclists (termed pedalcyclists by the agency) (846, up 5%)
The agency also looked at the demographics of fatalities and came up with an interesting list that included:
- Non-Hispanic Black people (up 23%)
- Occupant ejection (up 20%)
- unrestrained occupants of passenger vehicles (up 15%)
- On urban interstates (up 15%)
- On urban local/collector roads (up 12%)
- In speeding-related crashes (up 11%)
- On rural local/collector roads (up 11%)
- During nighttime (up 11%)
- During the weekend (up 9%)
- In rollover crashes (up 9%)
- In single-vehicle crashes (up 9%)
- In police-reported alcohol involvement crashes (up 9%)
Two Categories Showed Drop
Two categories declined in 2020. Fatalities in crashes involving a large truck (commercial or non-commercial use) are projected to drop two percent, while fatalities among older drivers are projected to drop nine percent.
“Safety is the top priority for the U.S. Department of Transportation. Loss of life is unacceptable on our nation’s roadways, and everyone has a role to play in ensuring that they are safe. We intend to use all available tools to reverse these trends and reduce traffic fatalities and injuries,” said Dr. Steven Cliff, NHTSA’s Acting Administrator. “The President’s American Jobs Plan would provide an additional $19 billion in vital funding to improve road safety for all users, including people walking and biking. It will increase funding for existing safety programs and allow for the creation of new ones, with a goal of saving lives.”
NHTSA’s research suggests that throughout the national public health emergency and associated lockdowns, driving patterns and behaviors changed significantly and that drivers who remained on the roads engaged in more risky behavior, including speeding, failing to wear seat belts, and driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Traffic data indicates that average speeds increased throughout the year, with extreme speeds becoming more common. At the same time, there is considerable evidence that fewer people involved in crashes used their seatbelts.
Marc Stern has been an automotive writer since 1971 when an otherwise normal news editor said, "You're our new car editor," and dumped about 27 pounds of auto stuff on my desk. I was in heaven as I have been a gearhead from my early days. As a teen, I spent the usual number of misspent hours hanging out at gas stations Shell and Texaco (a big thing in my youth) and working on cars. From there on, it was a straight line to my first column for the paper, "You Auto Know," an enterprise that I handled faithfully for 32 years. Not too many people know that I also handled computer documentation for a good part of my living while writing YAN. My best writing, though, was always in cars. My work has appeared in venues including Popular Mechanics, Mechanix Illustrated, AutoWeek, SuperStock, Trailer Life, Old Cars Weekly, Special Interest Autos, and others. You can follow me on: Twitter or Facebook.