CAFE and You, Part 3 - What the New Standards Mean
In part one of this series, we looked at the history of CAFE and its background born of meddling in foreign affairs. In part two, we talked about the effects of CAFE and its dubious record for meeting its goals. Now, let's look at the latest standard that was updated in 2007 and further bumped ahead by President Obama and the EPA.
The New CAFE Requirements
The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 raised the required average fuel economy to 35mpg in a tiered system to be finally met in 2020. The Obama Administration bumped that requirement by half a mile (to 35.5) and lowered the target year to 2016.
What this means, in a nutshell, is that the average fuel economy for an auto manufacturer's fleet of offered production vehicles must be 35.5mpg by the year 2016 (less than four years from now). What the CAFE requirement does not do is change the market itself. Manufacturers are required to have production vehicles that boost their average total fleet economy to 35.5 – so for most automakers, one offered battery electric car or a handful of high mileage hybrids will likely raise their economy enough to meet that standard.
But with sales? Detroit is still free to push SUVs and pickup trucks and you are still free to buy whatever you wish to drive. But they'll cost you more, whether you buy that 15mpg pickup truck or that high-tech EV. CAFE is a sort of hidden tax. More on this in a minute.