What is made from aluminum, carbon fiber, advanced composites, magnesium and titanium
Since 1953 no other automaker has employed light-weight materials so consistently in a production car as the Chevrolet Corvette. GM credits Harley Earl in a recent press release with first conceiving of using fiberglass to keep the costs and weight of the Corvette low. At that time in automotive history most vehicles were “Body-on-frame.” That meant there was an underlying structure over which a body was laid. It made sense to reduce the weight of the vehicle by getting rid of the steel skin and replacing it with something lighter. European automakers had been using aluminum this way, but that was expensive and it came with other drawbacks such as corrosion where the aluminum met the steel frame.
Corvettes and Fiberglass
Over the decades the fiberglass shell over the Corvette’s frame has evolved quite a bit and to call it fiberglass now is really not accurate. Since 1997 only about 20% of the ‘Vette’s body panels have been made of fiberglass. The shell is actually a plastics composite called Sheet-molded-composite (SMC). This material differs from fiberglass in that it is more flexible, lighter, and it has a much better surface finish right out of the mold, which means a superior finish when painted.