Ground-breaking 3-cylinder engine powers 'electric' ZEOD RC
Nissan has unveiled the gasoline engine that will be used in the new ZEOD RC race car, a Garage 56 entry at Le Mans this year. This engine is revolutionary in several ways, not the least of which are the three cylinders pumping out an amazing 400 horsepower.
The ZEOD RC is an experimental design taken from the successful DeltaWing project undertaken previously. The ZEOD RC becomes a sort of next-generation idea behind that project in appearance and spirit, if not officially. While a few things have changed to accommodate new track rules for Le Mans, most of the real updates to the vehicle are underneath its advanced carbon shell.
It's already been known that the ZEOD RC gets its name from the fact that it will become the first entry at Le Mans to complete a lap of the Circuit de la Sarthe on electric power alone. That will happen this June, with the car expected to do at least one lap in all-electric mode per fuel stint in the race.
Powering the car for the rest of the race is this little 1.5-liter, 3-cylinder turbocharged three-cylinder engine that packs more power in its tiny little package than many engines twice its size do with triple the space.
The 1.5L Nissan DIG-T R engine produces 300Nm of torque and 400 horsepower, but weighs only 88 pounds and is small enough for one man to pick it up and carry it. In fact, it is small enough to fit in the carry-on rack of most airliners. By the way, that 400 hp inside 88 pounds gives the engine another astonishing figure that will amaze most sports car enthusiasts: 10 horsepower per kilogram. That's a better power:weight ratio than the current-generation FIA Formula One racers will have.
The engine was developed within the parameters of Nissan's goal of downsizing everything possible on the ZEOD RC in order to maximize its efficiency and allow the use of a largely unaltered Nissan LEAF powertrain as its electric propulsion system.
Much of that engine downsizing came from an interesting source: lubricant maker Total, Nissan's French partner in this engine's development. The fuel and lubricants to be used in the ZEOD RC are specifically calibrated for the car and are a big reason that the engine can be so small and still operate at the demanding temperatures and output expected of a race car of Le Mans caliber - especially a little turbocharged beauty like this that winds up to 7,500 RPM. The Automobile Club de l'Ouest sanctions the Garage 56 experimental entries in order to allow their development for future racing. Nissan expects to take this little engine as well as the EV powertrain underpinning the ZEOD RC and build a fully-fledged, competitive Formula One car for 2015 out of what they learn with this 2014 season's experiments.